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Out of Print: Future availability is unknown
- Released: August 31, 2004
- Originally Released: 2004
- Label: Elektra / WEA
Rolling Stone - p.793.5 stars out of 5 - "MEDULLA is both the most extreme record Bjork has ever released and the most immediately accessible....[With] and awe-inspiring architecture of sound..."
Spin - p.111"On MEDULLA, her voice is in constant motion, in sync with the beat, rather than battling it..." - Grade: B+
Spin - p.65Ranked #19 in Spin's "40 Best Albums of the Year" - "She's a siren, luring us into the mystic with nothing but her voice."
Entertainment Weekly - pp.161-2"[S]he'll soon have you shunning electronica....One of her best efforts..." - Grade: A
Uncut - p.1003 stars out of 5 - "It is the curious marriage of glottal outpouring and emotional candour to microscopically detailed and often utterly illogical arrangements that keeps her music vital and unpredictable."
Uncut - p.76Ranked #41 in Uncut's "Best New Albums of 2004" - "[A]n awe-inspiring achievement..."
The Wire - p.55"MEDULLA breezes with a sense of serendipitous discovery, with Bjork singing as sublime as ever."
CMJ - p.39"The beats of 'Mouth's Cradle' spit and sputter, sometimes as a contrast and sometimes as a perfect fit to the female choir that haunts the corners of the song."
Mojo (Publisher) - p.934 stars out of 5 - "MEDULLA is not only the bravest record she's ever made, it's also one of the strangest and most uncompromising by a major artist to get a commercial release....[With a] raw beauty, intricate choral arrangements and decidedly outr‚ production..."
- 1.Pleasure Is All Mine
- 2.Show Me Forgiveness
- 3.Where Is The Line
- 5.Oll Birtan
- 6.Who Is It (Carry My Joy On The Left, Carry My Pain On The Right)
- 8.Desired Constellation: Sonnets / Unrealities XI
- 10.Sonnets / Unrealities XI
- 12.Mouth's Cradle
- 14.Triumph Of A Heart
Personnel: Bj”rk (piano, bass synthesizer, programming, bass programming); Bj”rk (vocals, bass instrument); Robert Wyatt (vocals, sampler); Tanya Tagaq Gillis, Mike Patton, The Icelandic Choir (vocals); Inga Hardard¢ttir, Krist¡n Erna Bl”ndal, Elfa Ingvad¢ttir, Hugr£n H¢lmgeirsd¢ttir (soprano); Gudr£n Finnbjarnard¢ttir, Gudr£n Edda Gunnarsd¢ttir, Anna Hinriksd¢ttir, Arndgerdur Maria Arnad¢ttir, J¢n¡na Gudr£n Kristinsd¢ttir_ (alto); Gudmundur Vignir Karlsson, G¡sli Magni, Bj”rn Thornarensen, Bj”rn Thorarensen, _orbj”rn Sigurdsson (tenor); Hj lmar P‚tursson, Stefan Orn Arnarson, Benedikt Ing¢lfsson (bass voice); Gregory Purnhagen (trombone); Mark Thomas Bell (synthesizer, bass synthesizer, programming); Olivier Alary, Little Miss Specta, Mark Bell , Rahzel, Shlomo (programming); Nico Muhly (piano); Peter Van Hooke (gong); Valgeir Sigurdsson, Matmos, Jake Davies (programming).
Audio Mixer: Mark "Spike" Stent.
Recording information: Greenhouse Studios, Reykjavik, Iceland; Ilha Dos Sapos Studios, Salvador; La Gomera, New York, NY; Looking Glass, New York, NY; Lost Island Studios, New York, NY; Louth, Lincolnshire, England; Olympic Studios, London, England; Palazzo Contarinin, Venice, Italy; Palisades, NY; Praya Dos Lagos, Bahia, Brazil; Real World, Palisades, NY; The Loft On 22nd Street, New York, NY; The Loft On 22nd, Street, New York, NY; The Magic Shop, New York, NY.
Editor: George James Firmage.
Photographers: Vinoodh Matadin; Inez VanLamsweerde.
With 2004's MEDULLA, Bjork's already distinctive musical vision is catapulted into another stratosphere. Using the mouth as the primary instrument--vocal, percussive, and otherwise--MEDULLA evokes the ethereal sound of an angelic spirit and a group of Benedictine monks desperately hurtling through outer space. "Pleasure Is All Mine" immediately establishes MEDULLA's haunting, yet strangely comforting, tone. On top of a distorted background of carnal breathing, the vocals of Bjork, Inuit throat singer Tagaq, Mike Patton (Fantomas/Mr. Bungle), and the Icelandic Choir combine with the rhythms of human beat-box Rahzel, building to an eerily ferocious intensity.
The album, which also features art-rock pioneer Robert Wyatt, shifts back and forth between ambitious, operatically layered tracks ("Where Is the Line," "Desired Constellation") and more direct a cappella songs ("Show Me Forgiveness," "Oll Birtan"). Bjork reaches her peak when she combines both of these seemingly disparate forces, as in the electrifying "Who Is It (Carry My Joy on the Left, Carry My Pain on the Right)" and the album-closer, "Triumph of a Heart." MEDULLA proves that, once again, when it comes to sheer musical audacity, Bjork knows no boundaries.
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Based on 402 ratings.
Based on 402 ratings.
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