This US rock band was formed in December 1966 and originally comprised Mark Stein (11 March 1947, Bayonne, New Jersey, USA; vocals/keyboards), Vince Martell (b. 11 November 1945, the Bronx, New York City, New York, USA; guitar), Tim Bogert (b. 27 August 1944, Ridgefield, New Jersey, USA; bass) and Joey Brennan (drums). All were previously members of the Pigeons, a New York-based group modelled on the Young Rascals. Brennan was latterly replaced by Carmine Appice (b. 15 December 1946, Staten Island, New York, USA), and having established a style in which contemporary songs were imaginatively rearranged, the unit was introduced to producer Shadow Morton, who had a reputation for melodramatic pop with the Shangri-Las. Dubbed Vanilla Fudge by their record label, the quartet scored an immediate success in 1967 with an atmospheric revival of the Supremes hit, You Keep Me Hangin On. The slowed tempo, studious playing and mock-gospel harmonies set a...