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The origin of the phenomenon that became the Beatles can be traced to 1957 when Paul McCartney (James Paul McCartney, 18 June 1942, Liverpool, Lancashire, England) successfully auditioned at a church fête in Woolton, Liverpool, for the guitarists position in the Quarry Men, a skiffle group led by John Lennon (b. John Winston Lennon, 9 October 1940, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, d. 8 December 1980, New York City, New York, USA). Within a year, two more musicians had been brought in, the 15-year-old guitarist George Harrison (b. 25 February 1943, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, d. 29 November 2001, Los Angeles, California, USA) and an art school friend of Lennons, Stuart Sutcliffe (b. 23 June 1940, Edinburgh, Scotland, d. 10 April 1962, Hamburg, Germany). After a brief spell as Johnny And The Moondogs, the band rechristened themselves the Silver Beetles, and, in April 1960, played before impresario Larry Parnes, winning the dubious distinction...