17 November 1935, Sharon, Connecticut, USA. Rudd studied singing and French horn at college and theory at Harvard (1954-58). Like several other members of the 60s avant garde he began his jazz career playing dixieland, a fact that points up the line of evolution between the New Orleans roots and the New Thing, and his big, fulsome trombone sound strongly recalls the early tailgate players, even when he is working in the most abstract surroundings. Rudd moved to New York in 1954 and played in various traditional bands. He began to work in a modern context with Herbie Nichols (1960-62) and in 1961 he joined Steve Lacy (who also started out playing traditional jazz). His conversion to free-form jazz began as a result of meeting Bill Dixon. In 1964, he formed the New York Art Quartet with John Tchicai, to whom he had been introduced by Dixon. When the Quartet disbanded in 1965 he became a member of Archie Shepps highly influential group until 1967,...
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