6 April 1936, Magdeburg, Germany. This innovative jazz trumpet and flügelhorn player wrote his first arrangements for his school band. From 1955-58 he studied at the Musikakademie at Kassel and from 1958-63 at the Cologne Musikhochschule where he took a course in jazz run by the West German band leader Kurt Edelhagen. After writing arrangements for Edelhagens Radio Big Band and touring with Gunter Hampel, he led his own pioneering free jazz quintet in 1965, which included Alex Von Schlippenbach and Gerd Dudek. The quintet later formed the nucleus of the Manfred Schoof Orchestra in 1969, which brought together some of the leading exponents of European improvised music, such as Evan Parker, Derek Bailey, Peter Brötzmann, Irène Schweizer and Han Bennink. Schoof was also a member of George Russells orchestra from 1969-71. During the 70s and 80s he toured throughout Europe, recording with the New Jazz Trio, the Globe Unity Orchestra, Jasper...