5 September 1912, Los Angeles, California, USA, d. 12 August 1992, New York City, New York, USA. Renowned as an avant garde classical composer and experimental musician, Cage was also a poet, teacher, writer, commercial artist and lecturer. After studying with Arnold Schoenberg and Adolph Weiss in the 30s, he moved on to his own compositions, heavily influenced by the work of Edgar Varèse. By his 20s he was a leading exponent of the musique concrète movement that combined electronics with traditional sounds and eventually led to the development of the synthesizer. His utilized sounds included doors slamming, pouring water and radio static and he is credited with the invention of the prepared piano technique, wherein the piano has everyday objects lodged inside the instrument in order to produce unusual sounds when played. He studied Zen Buddhism in the Far East during the 50s and used the principles of the I Ching (Book Of Changes) to...
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