Hoagland Howard Carmichael, 22 November 1899, Bloomington, Indiana, USA, d. 27 December 1981, Rancho Mirage, California, USA. An important composer, pianist and singer from the 30s through to the 50s, Carmichael grew up in a poor rural community, and was encouraged to play piano by his mother, who accompanied silent films at a local movie theatre. Largely self taught, he continued to play in spite of having ambitions towards a career in law. In 1916, the Carmichaels moved to Indianapolis where Hoagy took lessons from Reginald DuValle, a ragtime pianist. While still at high school he formed a band and continued to lead various groups during his time at Indiana University. In 1922, he met and became friendly with Bix Beiderbecke, then with the Wolverines, for whom Carmichael composed Riverboat Shuffle (with Dick Voynow, Mitchell Parish, Irving Mills), one of his first works. During the mid-20s he wrote occasionally, his music being published while he...
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