|Decades:||1960s 1970s 1990s 2000s|
4 September 1937, Twin Rocks, Pennsylvania, USA. Raised and educated in Swissvale, a small town a few miles east of Pittsburgh, Ludwig was given piano instruction by his mother. His liking for R&B was put on hold while he studied at a teachers college and thereafter held a succession of jobs. He had listened to many visiting musicians, including pianists Ray Bryant, Ahmad Jamal, Ramsey Lewis, but it was hearing and meeting Jimmy Smith in 1957 that prompted him to make music his career and to switch to Hammond organ. He joined a small group led by tenor saxophonist, Sonny Stanton, playing local venues, before he joined a similar band led by Gene Barr. This took him farther afield and helped develop his experience. At first, he played the M-100 organ but as he became accustomed to the instrument he went all the way and moved on to the B3. During a gig in Newark, New Jersey, he was heard by Nesuhi Ertegun of Atlantic Records and as a result made a single,...