Group members Terry Geezer Butler (17 July 1949, Birmingham, England; bass), Tony Iommi (b. Anthony Frank Iommi, 19 February 1948, Aston, Birmingham, England; guitar), Bill Ward (b. William Ward, 5 May 1948, Aston, Birmingham, England; drums) and Ozzy Osbourne (b. John Michael Osbourne, 3 December 1948, Aston, Birmingham, England; vocals) were originally known as Earth, changing their name to Black Sabbath in 1969. The band members grew up together in the Midlands, and their name hinted at the heavy, doom-laden and ingenious rock music they produced. The name had previously been used as a song title by the quartet in their pre-Earth blues band, Polka Tulk, and it was drawn not from a book by the occult writer Dennis Wheatley, as is often stated, but from the cult horror film of that title. Nevertheless, many of Black Sabbaths songs deal with alternative beliefs and practices touched upon in Wheatleys novels. Recording classic albums such as...
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