Formed in Austin, Texas, USA in 1965, this influential psychedelic rock band evolved from the nucleus of the Lingsmen, a popular local attraction. The original line-up included Stacey Sutherland (guitar), Benny Thurman (bass), John Ike Walton (drums) and Max Rainey (vocals), but the latter was replaced by Roky Erickson (Roger Kynard Erickson, 15 July 1947, Dallas, Texas, USA; vocals, guitar). The quartet retained their anachronistic name until adding lyricist and jug player Tommy Hall (b. 21 September 1943, USA), whose wife Clementine, suggested their more intriguing appellation. They were signed to the International Artists label run by producer Lelan Rogers (b. 1928, USA, d. 22 July 2002, Nashville, Tennessee, USA), the brother of country star Kenny Rogers. The 13th Floor Elevators made their recording debut with Youre Gonna Miss Me. Erickson had recorded this acerbic composition with an earlier outfit, the Spades, but his new colleagues added...
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