Originally conceived as a solo project by the Breeders Kim Deal (Kimberly Ann Deal, 10 June 1961, Dayton, Ohio, USA; vocals/guitar), this US indie rock band was formed in 1994. Deal soon enlisted the Breeders drummer Jim MacPherson (b. James Carl MacPherson, 23 June 1966, Dayton, Ohio, USA), later headhunting Luis Lerma (bass) from local band the Tasties, and Nate Farley (vocals/guitar) from the Method. Their debut release was Tipp City, a three-song 12-inch released in October 1995 on 4AD Records. It preceded their first album, Pacer, which was released at the end of the same month. Immediately, the Amps were toasted as a new force in Midwest American music, and they joined fellow Dayton group Guided By Voices on tour in the UK. The Amps subsequently metamorphosed into a new line-up of the Breeders.