One of the longest-surviving acts from the British new wave explosion of the late 70s, the Stranglers first rehearsed in Guildford as early as 1974. Two years later, the full line-up emerged, comprising Hugh Cornwell (28 August 1949, London, England; vocals, guitar), Jean Jacques Burnel (b. 21 February 1952, London, England; vocals, bass), Jet Black (b. Brian Duffy, 26 August 1943; drums) and Dave Greenfield (keyboards). Following a tour supporting Patti Smith during 1976 and some favourable press reports (the first to bring comparisons to the Doors), the band were signed by United Artists Records. Courting controversy from the outset, they caused a sensation and saw their date at Londons Roundhouse cut short when Cornwell wore an allegedly obscene T-shirt. In February 1977 the Stranglers debut single, (Get A) Grip (On Yourself), reached number 44 in the UK charts and inexplicably dropped out after only one week. According to the chart compilers, the sales were inadvertently assigned to another record, but it was too late to rectify the damage. Grip saw them at their early best; bathed in swirling organ and backed by a throbbing beat, the single displayed Cornwells gruff vocal to strong effect. The b-side, London Lady, was taken at a faster pace and revealed the first signs of an overbearing misogyny that would later see them fall foul of critics.
Initially bracketed with punk, the Stranglers owed as much to their pub-rock background and it soon emerged that they were older and more knowing than their teenage contemporaries. Nevertheless, their first album, Rattus Norvegicus, was greeted with enthusiasm by the rock press and sold extremely well. The blasphemous lyrics of Hanging Around and the gruesome imagery of Down In The Sewer seemingly proved less acceptable than the women-baiting subject matter of their next single, Peaches. Banned by BBC radio, the song still charted thanks to airplay for the b-side, Go Buddy Go. Rather than bowing to the feminist criticisms levelled against them, the band subsequently compounded the felony by introducing strippers at a Battersea Park, London concert (though male strippers were also present). Journalists were treated in an even more cavalier fashion, and the band members were renowned for their violent antics against those who opposed them (karate black belt Burnel would attack writer Jon Savage after one unhelpful review). Having initially alienated the press, their work was almost universally derided thereafter.
The public kept faith, however, and ensured that the Stranglers enjoyed a formidable run of hits over the next few years. The lugubrious protest Something Better Change, and the faster-paced No More Heroes both reached the UK Top 10, while 5 Minutes and Nice N Sleazy each entered the Top 20. In the background there were the usual slices of bad publicity. Burnel and Black were arrested for being drunk and disorderly before charges were dropped. Cornwell was not so fortunate and found himself sentenced to three months imprisonment on drugs charges in January 1980. Within two months of his release, the band found themselves under arrest in Nice, France, after allegedly inciting a riot. Later that year they received a heavy fine in a French court. The bands uncompromising outlaw image tended to distract from subtle changes that had been occurring in their musical repertoire. Their brave cover version of the Burt Bacharach / Hal David standard, Walk On By, reached number 21 in spite of the fact that 100, 000 copies of the record had already been issued gratis with Black And White. Equally effective and contrasting was the melodic Duchess, which displayed the Stranglers plaintive edge to surprising effect. Their albums also revealed a new diversity, from The Raven (with its elaborate 3-D cover) to the genuinely strange The Meninblack. The latter was primarily Cornwells concept, and introduced the idea of extra-terrestrial hit-men who silence individuals that have witnessed UFO landings - an ever-vengeful music press delighted in pulling it to pieces.
For their next album, La Folie, the band was accompanied on tour by a ballet company. The album spawned the Stranglers biggest hit, the evocative Golden Brown, with its startling, classical-influenced harpsichord arrangement. It reached the UK number 2 spot, resting just behind Bucks Fizzs The Land Of Make Believe. Even at their most melodic the Stranglers ran into a minor furore when it was alleged that the song was concerned with heroin consumption. Fortunately, the theme was so lyrically obscure that the accusations failed to prove convincing enough to provoke a ban. Another single from La Folie was the sentimental Strange Little Girl, which also climbed into the UK Top 10. The melodic influence continued on European Female, but in spite of the hits, the bands subsequent albums failed to attract serious critical attention. As unremittingly ambitious as ever, the Stranglers 1986 album Dreamtime was inspired by Aboriginal culture and complemented their outsider image. Just as it seemed that their appeal was becoming merely cultish, they returned to their old style with a cover version of the Kinks All Day And All Of The Night. It was enough to provide them with their first Top 10 hit for five years.
Increasingly unpredictable, the band re-recorded their first single, Grip, which ironically fared better than the original, reaching the Top 40 in January 1989. Despite their small handful of collaborative ventures, it seemed unlikely that either Cornwell or Burnel would ever consider abandoning the Stranglers for solo careers. Perpetual derision by the press finally took its cumulative toll on the lead singer, however, and in the summer of 1990 Cornwell announced that he was quitting. The lacklustre 10 was written specifically for the American market, but failed to sell, in light of which Cornwell called time on his involvement.
Burnel, Black and Greenfield were left with the unenviable problem of finding an experienced replacement for Cornwell and deciding whether to retain the Stranglers name. The band recruited vocalist Paul Roberts (b. 31 December 1959, England) and guitarist John Ellis (formerly of the Vibrators and a veteran of Burnels Purple Helmets side project). Stranglers In The Night was possibly a return to form, but still failed to recapture old glories. A second set with the bands new line-up then emerged in 1995, with strong performances on tracks such as Golden Boy, but with Cornwells absence felt most acutely in the unadventurous songwriting. Written In Red, released in 1997, was a better effort. The band celebrated their 21st anniversary with a concert at Londons Royal Albert Hall, incongruously backed by a string section. Baz Warne replaced Ellis on guitar in March 2000, but the bands persistence paid off when they landed a new major label contract for the release of 2004s Norfolk Coast.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.