Formed in 1960 in Glasgow, Scotland, Dean Ford And The Gaylords were a musically accomplished act before the dawning of the Beat age. Junior Campbell (William Campbell, 31 May 1947, Glasgow, Scotland; lead guitar), Pat Fairley (b. 14 April 1946, Glasgow, Scotland; rhythm guitar), Bill Irving (bass) and Raymond Duffy (drums) had been fronted by various vocalists prior to the arrival of Thomas MacAleese (b. 5 September 1946, Coatbridge, Glasgow) in 1963, who assumed the Dean Ford name. The group was signed to Columbia Records by Norrie Paramor following an audition in Glasgows Locarno Ballroom. Dean Ford And The Gaylords first single, released in 1964, was a breezy version of Chubby Checkers Twenty Miles. It was succeeded by the less distinguished Mr. Heartbreaks Here Instead, which in turn was followed by a powerhouse reading of Shirley Ellis The Name Game. In 1965 Graham Knight (b. 8 December 1946, Glasgow, Scotland) replaced Bill Irving as the group made plans to relocate in London, England. Upon their arrival in 1966 they dropped the Dean Ford prefix and, as the Gaylords, released their strongest single to date, Hes A Good Face (But Hes Down And Out). Despite its mod connotations, the song was written by US team Al Kooper and Irwin Levine. Although not a chart hit, the single was often played on pirate radio and helped solidify the Gaylords career. Somewhat bravely they then decided to change their name completely, rechristening themselves the Marmalade, who went on to top the UK charts in December 1968 with a cover version of the Beatles Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.