The seeds of this much-respected US band were sewn at New Yorks Bard College where founder members Donald Fagen (10 January 1948, Passaic, New Jersey, USA; keyboards/vocals) and Walter Becker (b. 20 February 1950, Queens, New York City, New York, USA; bass/vocals) were students in the late 60s. They subsequently forged a songwriting team and their many demos were later collected on several exploitative compilations. Formative versions of Brooklyn, Barry Town and Parkers Band - each of which were re-recorded on official Steely Dan releases - were recorded during this period. The duo also enjoyed a contemporaneous association with pop/harmony act Jay And The Americans, for which they adopted the pseudonyms Gus Marker and Tristan Fabriani. Becker and Fagen appeared on the bands last US Top 20 hit, Walkin In The Rain (1969) and the album Wax Museum, and accompanied the unit on tour. Vocalist Kenny Vance and drummer John Discepolo joined the pair for You Gotta Walk It Like You Talk It (Or Youll Lose That Beat), the soundtrack to a low-key 1970 movie. Denny Dias (b. USA; guitar) also contributed to these sessions and he joined Fagen and Becker on their next project which evolved following an alliance with producer Gary Katz.
Taking the name Steely Dan from the steam-powered dildo in William Burroughs novel The Naked Lunch, the trio of Becker, Fagen and Dias was quickly expanded by the arrival of David Palmer (b. Plainfield, New Jersey, New York; vocals, ex-Myddle Class), Jeff Skunk Baxter (b. 13 December 1948, Washington, DC, USA; guitar, ex-Ultimate Spinach) and Jim Hodder (b. 17 December 1947, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, d. 5 June 1990, California, USA; drums/vocals). The accomplished 1972 debut album Cant Buy A Thrill was completed within weeks, but drew considerable critical praise for its deft melodies and immaculate musicianship. Both Do It Again and Reeling In The Years reached the US Top 20 when issued as singles and this new-found fame inspired the sarcasm of Show Biz Kids on the 1973 follow-up Countdown To Ecstasy. Their second album was another undoubted classic of the 70s, and featured such bittersweet celebrations as The Boston Rag and My Old School.
By this point Palmer, who had sung lead vocals on Dirty Work and Brooklyn (Owes The Charmer Under Me) on the debut album but had been reduced to backing vocals on the follow-up, had left the line-up following an uncomfortable US tour. Although Baxter declared the set superior to its predecessor, the same commercial approbation did not follow. This was reversed with the release of 1974s Pretzel Logic, Steely Dans first US Top 10 album. Here Fagen and Becker drew more fully on their love of jazz, acquiring the riff of Rikki Dont Lose That Number from Horace Silvers Song Of My Father and recreating Duke Ellingtons East St. Louis Toodle-Oo. The former reached number 4 in the US charts. The bands clarity of purpose and enthralling dexterity was never so apparent, but internal conflicts simmered over a reluctance to tour, shown by Becker and, especially, Fagen who was unhappy with the in-concert role of frontman. Steely Dans final live appearance was on 4 July 1974 and ensuing strife resulted in the departures of both Baxter and Hodder. The guitarist resurfaced in the Doobie Brothers, with whom he was already guesting, while the drummer reverted to session work (he later drowned in his swimming pool).
The faithful Dias joined Becker, Fagen and newcomers Michael McDonald (b. 12 February 1952, St. Louis, Missouri, USA; keyboards/vocals) and Jeff Porcaro (b. 1 April 1954, Hartford, Connecticut, USA, d. 5 August 1992, Holden Hills, California, USA; drums) for Katy Lied which also featured cameos by guitarist Rick Derringer and saxophonist Phil Woods. At the time of issue the set was, however, greeted with disquiet as the transformation from active unit to purely studio creation resulted in crafted anonymity. In recent years the album has shown its strengths and is now highly-rated.
Released in 1976, The Royal Scam redressed the commercial balance and in its title track offered one of the bands most impressive creations. Becker and Fagen were, by now, the sole arbiters of Steely Dan, McDonald having followed Baxter into the Doobie Brothers and Dias and Porcaro opting for studio employment (the latter eventually wound up in the highly successful Toto). The new collection boasted another series of sumptuous tunes, including Kid Charlemagne and Haitian Divorce, the latter the bands lone Top 20 hit in Britain.
Released in 1977, Aja continued in a similar vein where an array of quality musicians - including Wayne Shorter, Jim Horn and Tom Scott - brought meticulousness to a set notable for the seemingly effortless jazz/pop sweep evinced on the US Top 20 hits Peg (featuring backing vocals from former member Michael McDonald) and Deacon Blues (which inspired the naming of the UK pop band Deacon Blue). The album proved a major success, breaking into the US and UK Top 5. In 1978 the band returned to the charts with the slick soundtrack hit FM (No Static At All), featuring backing vocals by Timothy B. Schmit of the Eagles. A similar pattern was unveiled on the immaculately recorded Gaucho (1980), the release of which was delayed by conflict between the band and record label over escalating recording costs. The latters nervousness was assuaged when the album achieved platinum sales and an attendant single, Hey Nineteen, reached the US Top 10.
Becker and Fagen had now tired of their creation and in June 1981 they announced the break-up of their partnership. The following year Fagen released The Nightfly, a superb collection which continued where his erstwhile band had ended. Producer Katz supervised the accustomed cabal of Los Angeles session musicians to create a sound and texture emphasizing the latters dominant role in later Steely Dan releases. Becker meanwhile produced albums for China Crisis and Rickie Lee Jones, but in May 1990 the pair were reunited in New Yorks Hit Factory studio to collaborate on material for a forthcoming Fagen project. Were not working as Steely Dan, stated Becker, but aficionados were undoubtedly heartened by news of their rekindled partnership.
Although it took a further three years, the partnership worked together on Donald Fagens impressive Kamakiriad and played live shows as Steely Dan to delighted fans (captured on the concert recording Alive In America). Becker released his solo debut, the largely ignored 11 Tracks Of Whack, in 1994. Nothing gels quite like Fagen and Becker working together as Steely Dan, however, and their much vaunted but ultimately disappointing studio reunion Two Against Nature eventually saw the light of day in March 2000. The duos triumphant comeback was sealed the following February when they won four Grammy Awards, most notably for Album Of The Year. The same March, Steely Dan was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame.
The commercial and critical approval afforded Two Against Nature was mirrored in the success of the attendant tour of North America, Japan and Europe. Becker and Fagen were spurred onto record another studio album, the strangely muted Everything Must Go, released by Reprise Records in summer 2003. The slick jazz textures that now dominated Becker and Fagens songwriting was given free rein in their collaboration with pianist Marian McPartland for her Piano Jazz series.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.