This soulful progressive rock band was originally formed in Essex, England following the demise of the R&B pop unit, the Paramounts. Coming together in spring 1967, Gary Brooker (29 May 1945, Hackney, London, England; piano/vocals), Matthew Fisher (b. 7 March 1946, Addiscombe, Croydon, Surrey, England; organ), Bobby Harrison (b. 22 June 1939, East Ham, London, England; drums), Ray Royer (b. 8 October 1945, the Pinewoods, Essex, England; guitar) and Dave Knights (b. David John Knights, 28 June 1945, Islington, London, England; bass) teamed up with lyricist Keith Reid (b. 19 October 1946, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England), and made their debut with the ethereal A Whiter Shade Of Pale, one of the biggest successes of 1967. The single has now achieved classic status with continuing sales that now run to many millions. The long haunting Bach-influenced introduction takes the listener through a sequence of completely surreal lyrics, which epitomized the Summer Of Love. We skipped the light fandango, turned cart-wheels across the floor, I was feeling kind of seasick, the crowd called out for more.
By the time of their hastily thrown together debut album (only recorded in mono), the band was falling apart. Harrison and Royer departed to form Freedom and were immediately replaced with Brookers former colleagues B.J. Wilson (b. Barrie James Wilson, 18 March 1947, Edmonton, London, England, d. 8 October 1990, Eugene, Oregon, USA) and Robin Trower (b. 9 March 1945, Catford, London, England), respectively. Nevertheless, the band enjoyed further success when Homburg followed A Whiter Shade Of Pale into the UK Top 10. The particularly strong third album A Salty Dog, with its classic John Player cigarette pack cover and lyrics that illustrated Reids love for imaginary tales of seafaring, was released in 1969 to critical acclaim. The title track and The Devil Came From Kansas were two of their finest songs.
Fisher and Knights departed in 1969, and the circle was completed when Chris Copping (b. 29 August 1945, Middleton, Lancashire, England; organ/bass) became the last remaining former member of the Paramounts to join. He made his recording debut on the following years Home. On Broken Barricades (1971), in particular, Trowers Jimi Hendrix -influenced guitar patterns began to give the band a heavier image that was not compatible with Reids introspective fantasy sagas. This was resolved by Trowers departure, to join Frankie Miller in Jude, and following the recruitment of Dave Ball (b. David Ball, 30 March 1950, Handsworth, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England) and the addition of Alan Cartwright (b. 10 October 1945, England; bass), the band pursued a more symphonic direction. The success of 1972s Live: In Concert With The Edmonton Symphony Orchestra was unexpected. It marked a surge in popularity, not seen since the bands early days. The album contained strong versions of Conquistador and A Salty Dog, and was a Top 5, million-selling album in the USA.
Further line-up changes ensued with Ball departing and Mick Grabham (b. 22 January 1948, Sunderland, Tyne & Wear, England; ex-Cochise) joining in 1972. This line-up became their most stable and they enjoyed a successful and busy four years during which time they released three albums. Grand Hotel (1973) was the most rewarding, although both the following had strong moments. Nothing But The Truth and The Idol were high points of 1974s Exotic Birds And Fruit, while Pandoras Box was the jewel on the following years Procols Ninth, giving the band another surprise hit single. Pete Solley (b. 19 October 1948, England) was then brought in to replace Copping, but by the time Something Magic was released in 1977 the musical climate had dramatically changed and Procol Harum were one of the first casualties of the punk and new wave movement. Having had a successful innings Gary Brooker initiated a farewell tour and Procol Harum quietly disappeared.
In August 1991, Brooker, Trower, Fisher and Reid got back together, with Mark Brzezicki (b. 21 June 1957, Slough, Buckinghamshire, England; ex-Big Country) replacing the recently deceased Wilson. Unlike many re-formed dinosaurs the result was a well-received album The Prodigal Stranger, which achieved minimal sales. The revamped Procol Harum continued to perform throughout the decade, and in 2002 Brooker, Reid and Fisher returned to the studio to record a new album. Together with Brzezicki, Geoff Whitehorn (guitar) and Matt Pegg (bass), they released the excellent The Wells On Fire in 2003. Fishers subseqeunt departure left Brooker as the sole remaining original performing member. The two men then became involved in an acrimonious dispute over the songwriting credits for A Whiter Shade Of Pale, with Fisher claiming co-writing copyright. In December 2006, he was awarded co-authorship and 40% of the copyright, but an appeal by Brooker resulted in him retaining full royalty rights.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.