20 June 1949, Tuskegee, Alabama, USA. Richie grew up on the campus of Tuskegee Institute, where he formed a succession of R&B groups in the mid-60s. In 1968, he became the lead singer and saxophonist with the Commodores. They signed to Atlantic Records in 1968 for a one-record contract, before moving to Motown Records, being schooled as support act to the Jackson Five. The Commodores became established as Americas most popular soul group of the 70s, and Richie was responsible for writing and singing many of their biggest hits, specializing in romantic, easy-listening ballads such as Easy, Three Times A Lady and Still. His mellifluous vocal tones established him as the most prominent member of the group, and by the late 70s he had begun to accept songwriting commissions from other artists. He composed Kenny Rogers 1980 number 1 Lady, and produced his Share Your Love the following year. Also in 1981, Richie duetted with Diana Ross on the theme song for the movie Endless Love. Issued as a single, the track topped the UK and US charts, and became one of Motowns biggest hits to date.
The success of Endless Love encouraged Richie to branch out into a fully-fledged solo career in 1982. His debut, Lionel Richie, produced another chart-topping single, Truly, which continued the style of his ballads with the Commodores. In 1983, he released Cant Slow Down, which catapulted him into the first rank of international superstars, eventually selling more than 15 million copies worldwide. The set also won two Grammy Awards, including Album Of The Year. It spawned the number 1 hit All Night Long, a gently rhythmic dance number that was promoted by a startling video, produced by Michael Nesmith. Several more Top 10 hits followed, the most successful of which was Hello, a sentimental love song that showed how far Richie had moved from his R&B roots. Now described by one critic as the black Barry Manilow, Richie wrote and performed a suitably anodyne theme song, Say You, Say Me, for the movie White Nights - winning an Oscar for his pains. He also collaborated with Michael Jackson on the charity single We Are The World by USA For Africa. In 1986, he released Dancing On The Ceiling, another phenomenally popular album that produced a run of US and UK hits. The title track, which revived the sedate dance feel of All Night Long, was accompanied by another striking video, a feature that has played an increasingly important role in Richies solo career. The critical consensus was that this album represented nothing more than a consolidation of his previous work, though Richies collaboration with the country group Alabama on Deep River Woman did break new ground.
Since then, Richies ever more relaxed schedule has kept his recording and live work to a minimum. He broke the silence in 1996 with Louder Than Words, on which he resisted any change of style or the musical fashion hopping of the past decade. Instead, he stayed with his chosen path of well-crafted soul music, which in the intervening years has become known as Urban R&B. Time featured several more of Richies trademark ballads, but was disappointingly bland. 2000s Renaissance, a more up-tempo collection initially only available on the European market, was a marked improvement. Both this album and the 2004 studio follow-up Just For You were substantial hits in Europe, but failed to make any impact in the singers homeland. He returned to the upper regions of the US charts at the end of 2006 with Coming Home.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.