4 August 1947, Berlin, Germany. Schulze is one of the fathers of modern electronic music. Originally a drummer, he joined pioneering Krautrock unit Tangerine Dream in 1969 and played on their debut album before leaving to form Ash Ra Tempel with Manuel Göttsching and Hartmut Enke. After participating in the recording of this bands self-titled debut, Schulze left to embark on a solo career. Irrlicht, released on the Ohr subsidiary of Hansa Records, comprised long, meandering pieces recorded using electronic organ and oscillators. The first Schulze album to use synthesizers was 1974s Blackdance, and during the late 70s he collaborated with Stomu Yamashta. He also toured with Arthur Brown, who sang on Dune, an album inspired by Frank Herberts cult science fiction novel. His soundtrack work during this period included two volumes of music recorded for the soft porn movie, Body Love.
In the 80s, Schulze concentrated on recording albums whose titles and mesmeric synthesized compositions were the essence of new age music. Several of these were released on his own IC label, which he had founded in 1978. A second label, Inteam, was inaugurated in 1984. Occasionally, from 1979, Schulze used the moniker Richard Wahnfried, and then Wahnfried, to release several more mainstream albums. The following decades saw him embracing contemporary dance music, including collaborations with Pete Namlook and Bill Laswell on The Dark Side Of The Moog recordings. A series of limited edition CD sets culminated in 2000s astonishing The Ultimate Edition, which ran to 50 CDs and is a testament to Schulzes prolific recorded output.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.