Formed in 1999 by Cristian Machado (1974, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil; vocals), Dave Chavarri (b. 1967, Lima, Peru; drums) and Lazaro Pina (bass), this New Jersey, USA-based heavy metal band has used its members multi-cultural backgrounds to create a more expansive sound than many of their contemporaries. The bands self-titled debut EP, released on the independent C.I.A. label in 2000, featured the latest additions to the line-up, Jardel Paisante (b. 5 October 1977, Brazil; guitar), Marc Rizzo (b. 2 August 1977, Carlstadt, New Jersey, USA; guitar) and Roger Vasquez (percussion), with Jorge Rosado providing vocals for the closing two tracks and DJ Pookie adding electronic effects. The positive critical impact afforded the EP led to a recording contract with the established metal label Roadrunner Records, with the resulting Revolution Revolución appearing at the end of 2001. The line-up that had recorded the EP was present on this superb album, minus Rosado and Pookie but with additional programming from Omar Clavijo.
Rizzo departed during the recording of the follow-up to join Soulfly, with the remaining tracks completed by new guitarist Ahrue Luster (ex-Machine Head). Percussionist Daniel Couto was also added to the line-up on Confession, an excellent collection of inventive modern metal that went on to provide the band with their first US gold selling album. Luster took on a greater songwriting role on the follow-up, One Nation Underground, although this 2005 release was ultimately less successful than its predecessor and led to the bands exit from the Roadrunner roster. Ex-Odum guitarist Diego Verduzco was brought in to replace Paisante in spring 2006, making his recording debut on the mini-album The Under Cover Sessions. The bands debut for the Cement Shoes label, this five-track recording featured two new tracks alongside cover versions of songs by Faith No More, Peter Gabriel, and Nirvana. The full-length Enigma followed at the start of 2008.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.