Gwyneth Evelyn Verdon, 13 January 1925, Culver City, Los Angeles, California, USA, d. 18 October 2000, Woodstock, Vermont, USA. A vivacious, red-headed dancer, actress and singer, Verdon could be funny or tender, sassy or seductive, depending on the music and the mood. She studied dancing with Ernest Belcher from an early age, but initially followed her first husband into journalism, reviewing films and nightclub acts. After assisting the notable choreographer Jack Cole on Magdalena (1948), Verdon made her first appearance on Broadway two years later in Alive And Kicking. However, it was Cole Porters Can-Can that made her a star in 1953. Her thrilling performance as the (very) high-kicking Claudine gained her a Tony Award, and she won another two years later for her portrayal of the bewitching Lola in Damn Yankees (Two Lost Souls, Whatever Lola Wants, Whos Got The Pain?), a show that was brilliantly choreographed by her future husband, Bob Fosse. He restaged his innovative dance sequences for the 1958 film version, for which, instead of casting an already established star, Verdon was invited to reprise her Broadway role. From then on, Fosse choreographed and/or directed all Verdons shows. In 1957 she played Anna Christie in New Girl In Town (Ven I Valse, On The Farm, Its Good To Be Alive, If That Was Love), a musical adaptation of Eugene ONeills 1921 play, and on this occasion she shared the Tony with fellow cast member Thelma Ritter - the first time there had been a Tony-tie. In 1959, Verdon won outright when she starred with Richard Kiley in Redhead. After that, Broadway audiences had to wait another seven years before they saw Verdon on the musical stage, but the wait was more than worthwhile. In Sweet Charity (1966) she played a dancehall hostess with a heart of gold who yearns for marriage and roses round the door. Cy Coleman and Dorothy Fields provided her with some lovely songs, including If My Friends Could See Me Now and Theres Gotta Be Something Better Than This. Verdons final Broadway musical was Chicago (1975), a razzle-dazzle affair set in the roaring 20s, full of hoods and Chita Rivera. She then turned once more to films. She had appeared in several during the 50s, including David And Bathsheba, On The Riviera, Meet Me After The Show, The Merry Widow, The I Dont Care Girl, The Farmer Takes A Wife, as well as Damn Yankees. In 1983, she played a choreographer in the television movie Legs, and had several other good roles in big-screen features such as The Cotton Club, Cocoon, Nadine, Cocoon: The Return and Alice. In 1992 she donated a substantial amount of material documenting her own career and that of her late husband, Bob Fosse (he died in 1987), to the Library of Congress. A year later, Gwen Verdon received the 1993 New Dramatists Lifetime Achievement Award at a ceremony in which fellow Broadway legends such as Richard Adler, Chita Rivera, Cy Coleman, John Kander, and Fred Ebb, gathered to pay tribute. She continued to be honoured throughout the 90s, with the Broadway Theatre Institutes award for Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre, the Actors Fund of Americas Julie Harris Lifetime Achievement Award, and the National Medal of Arts, which she received from the US President in November 1998. During that year Verdon had been serving as Artistic Director on a tribute to her late husband entitled Fosse: A Celebration In Dance And Song which opened on Broadway in January 1999.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.