This US vocal quartet was formed by Beyoncé Knowles (4 September 1981, Houston, Texas, USA), LeToya Luckett (b. 11 March 1981, Houston, Texas, USA), LaTavia Roberson (b. 1 November 1981, Houston, Texas, USA) and Kelly Rowland (b. Kelendria Trene Rowland, 11 February 1981, Atlanta, Georgia, USA). Knowles and Roberson first began singing together when they were only 10 years old. Rowland joined the duo in 1992, with Luckett completing the line-up the following year. The quartet adopted their biblically inspired name from a chapter in the Book Of Isaiah. Knowles father became their manager and set about grooming the quartet for success. They gained a strong local following with their street cool image and impressive vocal harmonies, leading to opening slots for big name acts including Immature, SWV and Dru Hill. Signed to Columbia Records in 1997 their breakthrough came when the track Killing Time appeared on The Men In Black soundtrack. Their self-titled debut, released in 1998, featured collaborations with leading R&B/hip-hop producers Timbaland, R. Kelly, Wyclef Jean and Missy Misdemeanor Elliott. The funky No No No reached both the US and UK Top 10, and was followed by further hits including With Me and Get On The Bus, the latter taken from the Why Do Fools Fall In Love? soundtrack.
The quartets second album The Writings On The Wall was premiered by Bills, Bills, Bills, a track which echoed the men-bashing sentiments of TLCs massive summer hit No Scrubs, and even featured the same producer (Kevin Shekspere Briggs). The song provided the quartet with their first US chart-topper in July 1999, and also reached the UK Top 10. The album featured a greater creative input from the quartet, although they still relied on a heavyweight production crew including Rodney Jerkins, Missy Elliott, Chad Elliot, and Dwayne Wiggins of Tony! Toni! Toné! Farrah Franklin and Michelle Williams (b. Tenetira Michelle Williams, 23 July 1980, Rockford, Illinois, USA) joined the group in February 2000 to replace the ousted Roberson and Luckett, who after questioning the role of Mathew Knowles as manager of the group had been unceremoniously ousted. (Roberson and Luckett went on to form the short-lived Anjel, although the latter would later enjoy solo success as LeToya.) A month later the quartet topped the US Hot 100 with Say My Name. Despite ongoing personnel problems, with Franklin leaving in August, Destinys Child enjoyed further transatlantic hits with Jumpin, Jumpin and Independent Women Part 1. The latter, taken from the soundtrack of Charlies Angels, topped the US charts for an impressive 11 weeks.
Now firmly established as the groups leader, Knowles took control of songwriting and production on the ultra-slick and hugely successful Survivor. In 2002, she made her acting debut as Foxxy Cleopatra in Austin Powers In Goldmember, and released the solo single Work It Out. Rowland branched out into solo work during the same year, enjoying a transatlantic hit with Dilemma, a collaboration with rapper Nelly. Knowles, now referred to simply as Beyoncé, enjoyed massive solo hits the following year with Crazy In Love and the album Dangerously In Love. She reunited with Rowland and Williams to record a new Destinys Child album in 2004. The lead-off single Lose My Breath climbed rapidly up the US charts at the end of the year, breaking into the Top 5 in October. Further transatlantic hits followed before, in June 2005, the trio announced they would be splitting up after completing their world tour and promotional duties for the compilation album #1s.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin. Licensed from Muze.